Wood is one of nature’s best materials and is often used as a primary material in the construction of homes and buildings. Wood, whether freshly cut or aged, is highly desirable, easy to work with and widely available in most parts of the world. Woodworking projects often require the use of wood because it is strong, durable and flexible; properties that most other materials lack. Woodworking projects can be used to create shelving units, picture frames, book shelves, furniture, flooring, bird cages and many more woodworking projects.
Woodworking projects require the use of some tools that are commonly available at hardware stores. Woodworking shop tools can be categorized into three types: the Wood Lathe, Woodcrafters and the Wood Router. Woodworking lathes have become very popular woodworking machines. Woodcrafters and Wood routers are two more common woodworking machines that are used. Woodcrafters are normally used in crosscutting operations whereas Wood routers are mainly used in detailed, curved cuts.
Woodworking shop tools are categorized into two groups namely: Woodworking machines and Woodworking tools. Woodworking machines are generally classified into three types namely: the Wood Lathe, Woodcrafters and the Wood Router. Wood Lathe is an industrial grade machine that has the capability to cut heavy wood pieces accurately and easily. Woodcrafters are basically power tools that enable the Woodworker to precisely cut a wood piece at the desired angle, degree or direction.
Woodworkers usually cut the wood on a flat surface by using a jigsaw or any other cutting tool. Woodworkers use a variety of techniques and the most common technique is the sloping cut. In this technique the Woodcrafters angle the wood piece on the up and down motion. Woodworkers usually use either a diamond or wooden edge as a sloping cut edge. Wood is ground with either a coarse or fine grain finish.
Woodcrafters make detailed and angled cuts on a piece of wood by using a chisel and hammer. Woodcrafters may also alter the depth of each cut by gluing joints that are stapled to the edges or glued to the center of the piece of wood. Woodcrafters may even use adhesives such as glue and joint compound for gluing joints that are stapled to the edges. Woodcrafters use either hand tools or power tools for jointing and bonding.
Woodworkers use miter saws to cut long and intricate cuts. Miter saws are generally used in cabinet and furniture construction where deep cuts are needed for stability. A miter saw consists of a blade with two pieces of wood laid side by side, with a crosscutting edge just below the blade. The angle of the blade across the crosscutting edge controls the depth of cuts.
The basic operation of a wood glue gun consists of inserting the wood shim into a hole in the bench top, and installing the wood clamp on top of the shim. Clamp and shim are connected to the blade with ties. The clamps are adjustable to allow for varying joint sizes and to lock the blade in place. To secure the bench top and to hold the glue gun upright, a stand is built adjacent to the workpiece. To position the blade over the bench, the piece of wood is placed on top of the blade with the bottom surface of the bench facing down. The blade is placed in a v-shaped groove along the underside of the bench top.
To join the ends of a board or to glue a piece of timber together, a strip of hardboard is placed inside the v-groove. This strip of wood serves to support the board edges while it is being glued. A piece of dowel is inserted into the grooves of the hardboard, and two or three nylocks are placed on either side of this nylock to prevent the board from sliding when the glue is added. When the glue has dried, a clamp is removed, and the board is placed into its intended position, usually on the workbench. A cloth dampened in water is then pressed on top of the board to keep the glue from drying.
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